The renewable energy sector offers 12.7 million job opportunities worldwide

The report “Renewable Energy and Jobs: Annual Review 2022” revealed that the number of jobs in the renewable energy sector globally increased to 12.7 million, with an increase of 700,000 new jobs in one year, despite the continuing repercussions of the “ Covid-19 pandemic and the worsening of the energy crisis.

The report, which was prepared in cooperation between the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) and the International Labor Organization within the framework of the Global Action Forum on Clean Energy held in Pittsburgh, USA, identifies the size of the local market as an important factor affecting job creation in the renewable energy sector, in addition to: Labor cost, and other costs.

The report indicated that the solar energy sector is the fastest growing among renewable energy sources; In 2021, there were about 4.3 million jobs, representing more than a third of the current workforce in renewable energy jobs worldwide.

With increasing concerns about climate change, the recovery from “Covid-19” and the disruption of supply chains around the world, countries are increasingly interested in locating supply chains and jobs. of work in their local markets, and the importance of strong local markets is increasing. increasing to spur the clean energy transition, in addition to its critical role in enhancing renewable energy technology export capabilities.

In this context, Francesco La Camera, Director General of the International Renewable Energy Agency, said: “The renewable energy sector continues to maintain its resilience in the face of global challenges, with its continued ability to create jobs”, advising all governments in the world today to pursue sectoral policies that support the expansion of renewable energy jobs in their countries; Establishing a local value chain not only creates new businesses and jobs for individuals and communities, it also improves the reliability of supply chains and energy security in general.

The report also points to the growing number of countries creating new jobs in the renewable energy sector. Almost two-thirds of these jobs are concentrated in Asia, where China alone accounts for 42% of the total number of jobs in the world, followed by Europe. Union and Brazil with 10 percent each, then the United States and India with 7 percent each.

For his part, Guy Ryder, Director General of the International Labor Organization, explained that “in addition to the figures provided by the report, there is also an increasing focus on the quality of working conditions in the renewable energy sector. to guarantee the creation of decent and paid jobs”, citing the high percentage of women working in the sector to the importance of Policies and training courses designed to improve the participation and integration of women in the renewable energy market to achieve a just transformation for all.

The Director General of the International Labor Organization encouraged governments, unions and employers to “continue their commitment to a sustainable energy transition, as fundamental to the future of work”.

The report highlights some important regional and international developments, in particular the transformation of some Southeast Asian countries into major centers for the production of biofuels and solar photovoltaic technologies.

China is the most prominent center for solar photovoltaic panel manufacturing and installation, as well as creating more job opportunities in the offshore wind power sector.

India, in turn, added more than 10 gigawatts of solar PV capacity, and this was accompanied by a large number of jobs installing these systems, but it still relies heavily on imported panels.

Today, Europe accounts for almost 40 percent of the world’s wind power production and is the largest exporter of wind power; However, the continent is now trying to reshape the solar PV landscape.

While the role of the African continent is still limited in the renewable energy sector, the report highlighted growing job opportunities in decentralized renewable energy projects that support the trade, agriculture and other economic sectors.

For America, Mexico is the main supplier of wind turbine blades. Brazil still leads the way in biofuel jobs, but also creates more jobs in the wind and solar PV sectors. In turn, the United States has begun to establish a domestic manufacturing base for its nascent offshore wind technologies.

The report stated that the expansion of the renewable energy sector requires the development of comprehensive supportive policies, including worker training, to ensure that jobs are decent, paid and of high quality, while achieving diversity. in the workforce to ensure a just transition for all.