Morocco moves in “Anglophone Africa” ​​by establishing an opening to the “enemies of the past”

Moroccan diplomacy has stepped up its movement in “Anglophone Africa” for quite some time now, culminating in Kenya’s move to withdraw recognition of the Polisario Front, but the field is still fraught with many obstacles given the influence of South Africa and Nigeria in the decisions of many countries.

Since 2017, Morocco has begun to expand its African movements outside the francophone sphere by signing economic agreements with Nigeria, the latest of which is the gas pipeline, and permanent coordination between the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPCL) and the National Office of Hydrocarbons and Minerals in Morocco.

Morocco has also opened up to Kenya, with the meeting between President William Ruto and Foreign Minister Nasser Bourita and an agreement to withdraw recognition of the Polisario Front, while coordination with Tanzania continues to be limited to the parliamentary meetings that have taken place during this month, in which the president of the Chamber of Advisors, Alnaam Mayara, demanded Tanzania’s commitment to positive neutrality in the Sahara issue.

The consistent positions of support for the Polisario in Nigeria and South Africa constitute a great space to extract positions of support for the Sahara issue, especially since the two countries provide diplomatic cover to the Polisario Front in the corridors of the African Union.

Moussaoui Ajlaoui, Professor of African Relations at Mohammed V University in Rabat, said that Moroccan movements have been launched since 2017 and that assistance on all fronts has become a national strategy that breaks hostile conspiracies and provides an opportunity for the Kingdom presents its ideas. .

Ajlawi said, in a statement to Hespress, that diplomacy depends mainly on assistance, noting that Morocco seeks to restore its basic “Anglophone” bases in Africa, especially since the number of countries that recognize the Polisario does not exceed 12, most of which are anglophone

The same professor pointed out that the context of Angola, for example, is very similar to that of Nigeria; “Despite the Polisario recognition, this does not exclude the desire for good relations with Morocco”, recalling that during the inauguration ceremony of the Angolan president, the separatist leader was placed in the last row.

Ajlawi considered this step as a “message” from the new Angolan leadership to Morocco, stressing that “the Kingdom in general tends towards peace, security and stability in an implacable international context, in contrast to the insistence of some Maghreb countries on drag the region into conflicts that do not concern them”.

Abdel-Fattah Balamchi, professor of international relations at Cadi Ayyad University in Marrakech, noted that Moroccan diplomatic maneuvering is no longer limited to West Africa, but has shifted to the Middle East, saying “the kingdom’s opposition comes only from from two countries explicitly, namely Algeria and South Africa”.

Balamchi explained, in statements to Hespress, that “the rest of the countries, although they recognize the Polisario Front, do not use their foreign policy to support this entity”, stressing that this choice for Algeria is political, while economic. for South Africa, and work can be done to improve it.

The professor of International Relations stressed that the Moroccan proposal on the Sahara issue is expanding in many countries, especially those with a minimum level of democracy, highlighting Morocco’s reestablishment of its African position and its entry into spaces that were the preserve of of the opponents. .