The masses of students returned to the classrooms in Morocco, but the beginning of this season was not exempt from problems and difficulties, both in terms of educational frameworks, in which the discussion on “excesses and deficiencies” and “The Basic Law, or for families who were not satisfied with criticizing their high expenses and costs. Admission to school due to the high prices of school supplies, despite the government’s support for employees; Some of them even entered into an “old-new conflict and tension” with the owners of private educational institutions to obtain certificates and documents that would ensure the completion of their children’s schooling in other schools.
It was notable that school entry for the 2022/2023 season has seen an increase in the number of Moroccan students leaving private schools to join their public counterparts; The number of those who “migrated from private to public education” reached a total of 92,214 male and female students; That is, 9.2 percent of the number of people enrolled in private educational institutions.
The “conflicts” end up in the courts
Some families were involved in a cycle of “legal conflicts with some schools in the private sector”, which in some cases reached the point of judicial lobbying, due to the “obstinacy” of some private educational institutions in giving them license certificates that guarantee the Transfer of students from one educational institution to another.
It is noteworthy that the previous school season ended with a “clear tension” exacerbated by the tug-of-war that marked the school schedule, throughout an entire season between parents of students and private educational institutions in Morocco, with most of their owners clinging to extract study duties. for the month of July.
In this regard, the newspaper Hespress monitored interactions and reactions on communication sites and social publishing platforms, denouncing practices that it described as “the resort of some private schools, in some regions, to devious methods to get homework for the month of July.” . for the last academic year, as well as immoral and illegal methods of blackmail.” Families to pay their fees, since some of them refrained from granting students who leave their departments an exit certificate that would allow them to enroll in other institutions, especially public education.”
A source from the Taza Bar Association, familiar with the files of some families, confirmed that “judicial commissioners attended to inspect the refusal of private institutions to deliver the exit certificate to the students and their parents,” he said, in an interview with Hespress , that “the same delay affected them when they claimed the interests of the Regional Directorate of Education.” ”; Which made knocking on the door of the judiciary and wiring the rulers of the law their only refuge to remedy the delay in the start of their children’s schooling.
The same source indicated that there are “many files in the process of litigation and allegations, after families made an effort to ensure the transfer of their children and ensure the completion of their studies in a way that does not waste their educational time.”
A new law with a transparent relationship
In a press conference offered by the Minister of National Education, Preliminary Education and Sports, Chakib Benmoussa, on September 6 in Rabat, immediately after the start of the school year in various educational sectors in Morocco, the government official confirmed the “interest of the ministry” exclusively on this thorny issue, saying that “your ministry is working on a new private school law that will clarify the contractual relationship between families and private schools, a relationship that must be totally transparent.”
Responding to questions from media presenters, Benmoussa highlighted that “the framework law for the education and training system referred to this issue”, adding: “We are also working on it by reviewing and updating the school notebooks in Morocco, as well as the part related to how to intensify administrative and pedagogical control.
On the same occasion, the government official did not hesitate to openly express the ministry’s rejection of what he described as “some immoral and illegal conduct,” highlighting “a strict and necessary intervention to solve problems at the local level.”
The Minister of National Education also referred to his ministry’s taking of “proposals issued by the Competition Council, which called in this regard to codify the contracting framework between families and private schools and respect the legal controls in force in matter of competition”.
In a related context, a source from the Ministry of National Education spoke to the daily Hespress, reiterating the ministry’s claim that “schooling remains a constitutional right guaranteed to every student.” Likewise, the latter must not be “the victim of a conflict in which he is not involved and whose right cannot be blackmailed.”
The same source indicated that the minister was very clear on this issue during his press conference on the occasion of the current school entrance.
The student is above everything.
Noureddine Akkouri, president of the National Federation of Associations of Parents, Mothers and Guardians of Students of Morocco, began his speech on the subject by saying that “a clear distinction must be made between the duties and responsibilities of the owner or manager of a private institution education, and the work of the educational and pedagogical director”, noting that “the same person can sometimes be a combination of both”.
Akuri explained, in statements to Hespress, that the graduation certificate is a document that continues to be a student’s right to guarantee the smooth continuity of his or her academic career, noting that “in the event of refusal to be delivered by the private school in the person of its educational director, the Regional Directorate of Education still has the right to issue it with his signature and stamp, after corresponding with the interested institution within a certain period, which remains responsible before the judiciary.
The same speaker revealed that his federation “received many complaints in this regard, and made an effort to lovingly intervene as a mediator so that the student would not be held hostage to a bilateral conflict that could be resolved by consensual or guaranteed legal channels,” explaining that “the greatest part of the disputes that came to justice between families and private schools continue to be related to the material gap, especially the intransigence in the exercise of duties or in case of debts between the parties.
At the end of his speech, Akuri emphasized the need to “increase the legal and social awareness of parents of students about their rights and duties in such cases”, stressing that “the interests of students are above all considerations”. ”.
For his part, Abdelaziz Bougadir, vice president of the Special Education Federation affiliated with the “General Confederation of Moroccan Companies CGEM”, in charge of public and private education, had previously told Hespress about “the reticence and intransigence of some schools in delivery of high school certificates and other school documents at the end of the last season.” He stressed that they remain “extraordinary and isolated cases involving secondary and primary schools, which do not reflect the reality of more than 6,000 private schools in Morocco.”
Boukadir also renewed the demands of the sector of private education institutions in Morocco to the ministry to issue “clear and binding regulatory requirements for the annual contract that links the institutions with the parents of the students, to avoid any confusion and avoid any tension. between the two parties”.