Choucair puts a “deliberation” between class and stereotype… the exclusion of the rich and politicians

Moroccan researcher Mohamed Choucair said: “Since its introduction for more than two decades, the Muadawalah program has gained particular fame as a result of its following by large groups of viewers, as a recent report by Maroc Metri was prepared to measure the audience rates. in Morocco in the first place, ahead of On the main news bulletins, which have been at the top for months, and the weather forecast.

After Choucair touched, in an article entitled “A program of deliberation between class and stereotypes”, on the factors that contributed to the success of this series, he added that this does not prevent recording some aspects of stereotype and classism that characterize the episodes of this series, explaining that for 22 years, broadcasting 480 An episode of this drama-documentary series, the episodes continued to revolve around a limited social and judicial field limited to misdemeanor, criminal, commercial, civil and social cases, and in trouble particulars of personal and family status such as polygamy, divorce and proof of filiation…”

The article stated that “the show has never before addressed any issues related to financial crimes and embezzlement of state budgets or local groups…, and issues of interest to affluent groups or local and national political elites are excluded,” adding that “the exclusion of embezzlement, murder, fraud or cases of fraud. A dispute that affects the components of the Kingdom’s administrative, economic and political elites perpetuates the idea among Moroccan viewers that crime is limited only to certain social groups, the marginalized, the poor, and small and medium-sized frames… that drops the links of the chain into blatant class stereotypes.”

This is the text of the article:

Since its introduction more than two decades ago, the “Mudawala” program has gained special notoriety as a result of its following by broad categories of viewers. The “Maroc Metric” report ranked first, ahead of the main news, which months, ranked first, and the weather forecast. This social program topped the list of the most watched programs on Channel One, where one of its chapters was seen, for example, according to the Maroc Mitri report, by about three million viewers, followed by a Weather Conditions newsletter, which was viewed by two million and 700 thousand viewers, while the main newsletter was viewed by more than two million viewers.

Perhaps one of the factors that contributed to the popularity of this program is the writing of its episodes in cinematography by a specialist in the field of law and the judiciary, where Professor Rashida Ahfoud previously served as a professor at the Faculty of Law. of Muhammadiyah and the Higher Institute of the Judiciary, and held various positions in the judiciary, was head of the social division in the Court of Appeals of Casablanca and chief of chamber in the Supreme Council, in addition to presiding over the Association of Judges, before moving on to the legal profession.

In this regard, Dr. Rachida Ahfoud pointed out that the distinction of this television series lies in the fact that its episodes are inspired by the judicial files that revolve in the halls of Moroccan courts to reformulate them in a cinematographic form full of suspense and simplified to the maximum. most important questions about which the Moroccan citizen wonders; It is considered one of the few programs of the National Radio and Television Corporation, which seeks to spread legal culture among citizens.

In this regard, Omar Al-Rami, Central Director of Production and Broadcasting of the National Radio and Television Company, highlighted, within the activities of the institutional gallery of this company, in the last session of the International Publishing and Book, which was organized in Rabat last June, “that among the audiovisual content through which the institution is committed to expressing the mission of disseminating and disseminating the legal culture of the series “Dawala”, which produces and broadcasts Al-Oula Channel, within the framework of the general and diverse programming of this channel, which aims to respond to the information, culture, education and entertainment needs of the broadest segments of the public within the framework of the implementation of the general objectives of the public audio communication service related to strengthening the values ​​of democracy and responsible citizenship freedom, dignity, solidarity, equality, social justice al, equal opportunities, participation, modernity, search for parity, advancement of the human rights system and fight against all forms of discrimination, in accordance with the constitution and Morocco’s international obligations.

This program is considered a precedent in the history of theater, and reflects its continued success and the preservation of its large audience share, its direct impact in achieving the objective of promoting legal awareness of citizens and contributing to crime prevention , of all types and levels. The selection of a group of actors and actresses suitable to exchange roles in this series contributed in turn to the demand for tracking the episodes of this series; Several stars of the series, including Rachid El-Wali, Abdel-Kabir El-Rakneh, Jawad El-Sayeh and Fatima Zahra Ahrar, confirmed that the “deliberation”, in addition to its direct effect of saving many citizens from breaking the law. , constitutes a nursery for directors and actors in Morocco.

However, the various factors that contributed to the success of this series do not prevent some aspects of stereotype and classism that characterize the episodes of this series. Throughout the 22 years of this series and the broadcast of 480 chapters of this dramatic-documentary series, at a rate of 19 chapters per season, the chapters of this series continued to revolve in a social and judicial sphere limited to misdemeanor, criminal , commercial, civil and social cases, especially matters of marital and family status, including polygamy, divorce cases, proof of filiation… which makes one wonder in amazement about the reasons behind the failure to present important cases that were previously followed by public opinion. and they were tried by some of the courts of the Kingdom as cases of terrorism or smuggling… This program never before. You can address any topic related to financial crime and embezzlement of state or local government funds. Most of the themes revolve around issues of the oppressed class, such as the cartel and theft, or of the middle classes through themes of marriage, divorce, and alimony; While topics of interest to wealthy groups or local and national political elites are excluded.

Although the producer of the program, Mrs. Rachida Ahfoud, stated in one of her interrogations that the National Radio and Television Company does not establish red lines regarding the selection of the themes of the series, the exclusion of cases of embezzlement, murder, fraud or conflict involving components of the Kingdom’s administrative, economic and political elites perpetuates an idea for the viewer Al-Maghraby asserts that criminality is limited only to certain social groups, including the marginalized, the poor and the small and medium squares; Which drops the links in the chain into a blatant class stereotype. This stereotype is reinforced by the fact that most trials take place in the same room and with the same faces, of judges and agents of His Majesty the King. While the actors themselves are usually chosen for the roles of the judicial police. Although Rachid El-Wali was replaced as the judge presiding over the sessions with the actress Majida Benkirane or Latifa Ahrar, the role of lawyers is usually assigned to the actors themselves; Whereas, the king’s agent is usually assigned to the representative himself. Perhaps this is what makes the networks lose their social momentum and their regional and regional diversity, since the trials are supposed to include all regions of the Kingdom, since crime is not limited to regions without others, and to regions without other parts; What makes the episodes of the series do not reflect the criminal and judicial situation of the Kingdom, since the viewer is supposed to follow the evolution of the trials in the first instance or courts of appeal in the north of Morocco and the phases of the criminal trials in southern courts. or to the east of the kingdom to identify with these tests. Although the laws are the same throughout the Kingdom, judges, litigants and cases are affected by the variables of each region and each party, whether in the language of speech, the mode of circulation, the nature assistance and other manifestations.

In addition, focusing on the selection of some important cases, in which personalities from within society or among individuals and components of some of its elites were tried, will not only increase the degree of legal awareness among viewers and viewers and spread awareness of the rule of law in our country; On the contrary, it will undoubtedly perpetuate their feeling that all citizens are equal before the law, regardless of their social and class hierarchies, which may upset the general public’s entrenched conviction that the law applies only to the oppressed. and weak, while the elderly and their tall escape from it.