After postponing its call for three years due to the repercussions of the pandemic, the meeting of the “Arab Summit” in Algeria at the level of presidents and leaders appears threatened again; In light of the “controversial issues”, some of them are old and are brought up anew at every appointment, and others are new, deepening the gap and widening the area of disagreement. Not the last of which was the outbreak of a “diplomatic crisis due to a costly reception for Said”, which led to the withdrawal of the ambassadors from Tunisia and Rabat.
The last summit of Arab leaders and leaders was held at the “Tunisia Summit” in 2019; Before a lot of water runs under the Arab bridge, and the cards of the region are mixed in the face of the continuation of conflicts and interactions and the rule of the logic of crisis and division instead of cooperation and the deactivation of differences .
An introductory text posted on the summit website includes a statement that the 31st session, scheduled for next November 1, will take place “in light of delicate international and regional circumstances, sensitive events and difficult contexts.” , and that the Algerian president is interested “in unity and reunification.”
knot of hostility
“Despite the efforts made by Algeria to return to the forefront of the regional scene by organizing the Arab League summit in early November; However, he isolates himself with his actions hostile to the higher interests of Morocco, on the one hand, and detrimental to the Arab consensus on the other”, records Dr.
Balwan added, in statements to the Hespress newspaper, that “Algeria mobilized significant diplomatic and material capacities to win this bet before postponing it last February, and also raised the slogan ‘Arab reunification’ as a prominent title for the results of this summit.” adding: “But the reality is that Algeria’s movements and positions are one of the main causes of Arab division and division,” he said, listing three main files on the matter.
The first of the files, according to the same spokesman, is related to “the return of Syria to the Arab League”, which is still far from being achieved, “and Algeria has set itself the first priority of satisfying the Syrian president and the Iranian president” . ally.” Noting that “despite the differences between countries on the meaning and method of Syria’s return to the League, it does not constitute an important point in the Arab disputes, given that a group of Arab countries actually normalized with Syria and reopened embassies in Damascus.”
Balwan also referred to the dossier of “breaking diplomatic relations with Morocco and continuing to oppose its territorial integrity, which is considered one of the points of Arab consensus in support of the Kingdom’s sovereignty over its desert regions,” adding: “More than that, Algeria sought open pressure on Tunisia and its president, Qais Said, and blew up the Maghreb region, to increase the problems of fragmentation and division in the Arab world”.
The researcher himself did not neglect, in his speech, to underline that “the Algerian-Iranian rapprochement is among the files that could undermine the efforts to hold the Arab summit on time; While the Arab countries seek to curb the destabilizing Iranian influence within the Arab region, Algeria continues to cover this intervention to reach the Maghreb region by supporting the separatist militias of the “Polisario”, which was the object of Arab, international and international condemnation. . .
Jamaï himself stated that “Algeria upholds the slogan of Arab reunification, and at the same time takes the initiative to sow the seeds of discord and division within the Arab body, motivated by a single obsession, which is the complex of hostility towards the Kingdom of Morocco, and is not interested in blowing up the situation in the Maghreb or the Arab region or even the regional reality already in crisis”.
“Making” crises between brothers
For his part, Al-Mahdi Munshid, professor of International Relations and Political Science at the College of Muhammadiyah, placed the upcoming Arab summit in “a regional and international context full of dissonance, tensions and conflicts, which actually pushes an Arab summit to unify positions and position in the international arena that is undergoing important geostrategic transformations.”
“The Arab summit was supposed to be held last March, but the Corona circumstances prevented it, and now there is talk of next November in the state of Algeria,” Munshid added, in an interview with Hespress, adding: “No However, the fallout and the way Algerians prepare for the Arab summit involve many narrow accounts.
The same expert has pointed out that “the Algerian regime is trying to celebrate this summit excluding Morocco, and all the indications and analyzes go in the direction that the El Mouradia Palace will not invite King Mohammed VI and the Kingdom of Morocco; That it is not their right”, and added that it did not stop there, but rather “contributed to creating a new crisis between the brothers of the Maghreb between Rabat and Tunisia”, and added: “Everyone knows that it was the same regime that pressed Qais Said will receive a leader, the Polisario gang, for 300 million dollars as a loan, given the deterioration of the economic situation in Tunisia”.
On the other hand, Munshid asserted that “the Algerian regime (not the president, but the military junta that actually governs and holds the reins of the decision) raises a slogan to unite the Arab ranks and Arab unity, but deep down it seeks for new positions in the Maghreb or the Arab world, which stems from its relations with the Iran-Syria axis, which is categorically rejected by the Arabs.
The same speaker concluded that “Algeria only hosts the Arab summit, and therefore has no right to convene whoever it wants and exclude whoever it wants. In exchange for his eagerness to disperse the Arab world and sow the fuse of the conflict in the Maghreb space”.
Munshid concluded his statement by saying that “the conditions for holding an Arab summit in Algeria are not met, which contradicts itself and its secretly declared positions, and also seeks to restore the lost glory of its diplomatic services.”