“Mohammed”, who lives in the Tarka neighborhood in the city of Rashidiya, put up a “bag” in front of his shop to sell “drugs” so that passers-by and customers could drink the water they need during the excessive heat that hits. the southeast of the Kingdom in the summer.
“It is an ancient habit, we inherit it from our ancestors and preserve it from extinction and reach out our hands to people to help them overcome thirst in the summer,” said “Mohammed”, who happily recounted exciting stories of some passers-by who drank from the water exhausted by the high temperatures, the “bag” was for them a savior from the flames of the sun, which designated for them and for others, and was a refuge for them during this period.
Muhammad considered, in a press release, that distributing water in this traditional way inherited from the ancestors brings a blessing to the owner of the idea, pointing out that he adopted this initiative as an act of good, since it does not call people to drink advantage of drinking water; Because the “kurba” or “the few” (in the words of the Tafilalet people) was placed in a place where everyone could see.
The same path, although in a different way, was followed by Al-Saeedi Al-Issawi, who descended from the Tabu Ismat Palace in Al-Risani, in the district of Rashidiya (about 96 km from Al-Rashidiya), while he preferred to call all the people in the markets and places where they gathered to “collect good deeds”, according to his expression, the “good supplications” of all thirsty people passed by him and benefited from his sweet water that he brought from a place not far from your place of residence.
“Water for God” is the phrase that Al-Saeedi Al-Issawi (59 years old) repeats frequently to attract people who quench their thirst, still distinguishes his desert region and expresses solidarity and sense of the other during the summer months. and its high temperatures.
The southeastern regions of the Kingdom, especially the city of Errachidia and neighboring cities, such as Rissani and Erfoud, are experiencing a wave of excessive heat during the summer, which is the highest among the temperatures recorded in all the regions of Morocco, where it can reach 50 degrees, and it will last for a long time.
Despite the scarcity of water and the decrease in rainfall in the area, the residents have preserved this good custom, since almost no street in the city of Rashidiya and its surroundings lacks a place where a large “bag” or “ scarcely” or a “cavity” has been placed with a glass attached to it, so that all passers-by drink next to the owners of shops and houses; Because they believe that “water is a vital substance that only those who have experienced the consequences of high temperatures in Errachidia feel its importance and necessity,” said Al-Saeedi Al-Issawi.
Zayed Gru, who is interested in the tangible and intangible heritage of the Draa-Tafilalet region, confirmed, in a press release, that the historic Rissani market still knows the presence of “karabah” asking for “water for God’s sake”. “. ” and “drink, thirsty”, because, in particular, Giving charity to this vital substance as a custom inherited by the ancient “Karaba” and the local population, who preserve the origins of their culture, is “generosity, presence and benevolence”, despite the suffering they face to fetch water from faraway places after successive years of drought and lack of rain in the region since the 1970s and 1980s.
He stressed that it draws the attention of passers-by in Rissani and in the historic Sijilmasa, that next to the shops that line the road that leads to the market and under the walls of the traditional palaces, there is fresh water “Khawabi”, as the people of the area they call it, full of drinking water.
Zayed Gru pointed out that “the jar is a source of kindness and sustenance for the people of the house and permanent charity for their benefit. It is enough for the people of the house to listen to the calls of the passers-by who benefit from the water for the mercy of the parents, as an incomparable reward that arouses an irreplaceable joy with money.
For his part, Muhammad Amrani Alawi, professor of history at the Rashidiya Multidisciplinary College, said that this phenomenon is also evidenced, through the free distribution of drinking water to pilgrims from the House of God, adding: “We found a similarity with different places, in the Risani market. “In most cases, especially on market days (Tuesday, Thursday and Sunday), there is one of the providers of drinking water, which is locally known as the crab” .
Amrani Alawi added that this person screams at the top of his lungs: “Water for God’s sake, may God have mercy on your parents, the money on the way”, which is a basic indication that the water is distributed free of charge. , which means that one of the people or villagers offered water for this person (the crab) asking him to distribute it for free over the people in the market. And “this phenomenon is rarely found in public places in other regions” of Morocco.
The history specialist professor stressed that giving charity to water gave Karabah a good place among members of society, since this title is not considered “a defect or impairment of his person, but a label characterized by its historical value and heritage, which taught people to evoke the suffering of others with high temperatures.
Regarding the reasons for following the same tradition among the inhabitants of the region, Zayed Jaro said that many families resort to offering passers-by drinking water that quenches sunburn, in a behavior that revives old customs to face the heat and thirst, especially with the excessive heat wave that the southeast has suffered for many years, due to the warm climate that distinguishes it.
The same speaker highlighted that the people of Risani use many means to provide water to all passers-by as charity and “for God’s sake”; Including the “cabinet” inherited from ancestors and used to collect and purify water.
Zayed Gru considered that this method is part of the culture inherited in Sijilmasa, adding that “there is hardly a house without palaces and ancient kasbahs; Because it has become a material cultural heritage that is passed down from one generation to another, and has firmly entered the oral and written dictionaries of the Filali region.”
He stressed that “many people in the region have moved to large cities and have maintained the current presence of the taxi in their homes, with its symbolic and patrimonial meaning, despite the presence of modern refrigerators and in accordance with the demands of the times. ; But their presence is a continuation of the generosity, benevolence and solidarity for which the region is famous.”
For his part, Abdel Wahed Al-Harouni, a specialist in Sijilmasa heritage, considered that giving out free water is “a culture that is still very present in the region, so it is shameful that passers-by receive a payment. for this, and is also often used to irrigate agricultural fields”.
Al-Harouni noted that the civilized dimension of water is “strongly present in the oral and written customs that circulate in the region, especially in the Ait Othman Palace and Al-Jarf Palace in Rashidiya province, in terms of ensuring cleanliness. to drink water and preserve the way it is used, especially in periods of water scarcity, punishing each one of those who pollute it and interfere with its free distribution”.
The researcher specializing in heritage from Sijilmasa added that “the neighbors take the initiative, without prior agreement, to cool the water and give it to others on each occasion, which is an expression of the spirit of solidarity that exists among them,” considering that This Good human behavior in the use of water is given by the religious dimension that makes this act a permanent charity, which made people work to dig a group of wells to give the cattle water and stop them, seeking the reward of God Almighty.
The water in the area forced the appearance of local terms; Like the “tub” that the neighbors make, and it is a means of filtering and filtering drinking water and cooling it, so that it becomes fresh, after wrapping it with dresses and kneaded wheat grains, to establish itself as a local industry.
Mr. Al-Harouni mentioned that there are “crabs” in some markets, and one of the advantages of his initiatives is that he does not demand payment for the drinking water that is provided to passers-by and visitors to the market, but instead asks his counterparts to pray for health and well-being and the acceptance of work with Almighty God, he meets everyone with a smile on his face that shows joy and pleasure in a job that has a purely religious dimension.
This phenomenon does not come from modern behavior, but has its roots in the population of the Tafilalet and Sejmassa region, as Professor Mohamed Amrani Alawi confirmed that it is linked to the history and heritage of the region, as a result of the fundamental role of the water. in a region characterized by the proliferation of green oases and its activity is largely based on this vital substance, its economic and livelihood strength is based on the presence of khattara and traditional water courses scattered throughout.
He added: “Perhaps the location of the traditional town of Sijilmassa on the banks of the Ziz Grace River is the best evidence of this, which made water the basis of life in the area.”
He stressed that the historical sources that speak of the region, especially Sijilmasa, refer to the drilling of deep wells on the way of commercial caravans in order to facilitate access to water for merchants and animals, especially when they travel long distances in the desert and fifi, adding that these wells “became a charity. On the march for whoever dug them.”
Mr. Amrani Alawi revealed that some customs and traditions arising from the distribution of free water during the Hajj period were transferred to other regions (pilgrim watering), and “this is the job that residents of Hajj used to compete for. Mecca and Medina.
These old/new customs of distributing water to people and making it available to all show the historical, spatial and social connection of the inhabitants of Tafilalet and Sijilmassa with this vital substance, and turning it into a means for a free social service from which the face of Almighty God and the wages saved are sought for the hereafter.