Human rights activists in Morocco condemn a blogger for “insulting Islam”

Human rights positions accompanied the file of a Moroccan woman, who was sentenced for “offending the Islamic religion”, in the context of “posts” on her personal account on the social networking site “Facebook”.

The “Khamisa Movement” condemned the initial ruling on the blog for two effective years, saying that what Fatima Karim wrote “enters the door of freedom of expression and freedom of belief”, and demanded her release and the abandonment of monitoring. against his.

Al-Hassan Al-Idrisi, head of the Moroccan Organization for Human Rights, said that the file requires “taking a distance out of respect for the judiciary” and to verify “respect for a fair trial.” stage, “the organization must appoint a lawyer to follow up on the progress of the trial,” noting that the commission is in the process of studying the file, and remains in “note neutrality.”

Aziz Ghali, president of the Moroccan Association for Human Rights, said that from a human rights perspective, “there is a violation of my rights on two levels, the first of which is freedom of expression and publication; Since she wrote a ‘blog’, and since a large number of bloggers have only just started publishing in recent years, the Press and Publication Law should be extended to include bloggers, as long as they do not affect the honor of the people with insults or curses”.

The second aspect of the “violation of rights” is related to the “freedom of belief and conscience” for Ghali, who stated that “this discussion takes us back to the period before the 2011 constitution, in which there was talk of stipulating the freedom of belief; Unfortunately, the constitution came out with the formula that Islam is the state religion, and the arc of freedom of belief was closed.”

Ghali continued, speaking to Hespress: “The problem we have in Morocco as jurists and civil society is that it is only about reactions, and when we do not have an arrest or follow-up case, there is no such discussion. .” And she went back to last year 2021 “when a woman was arrested for distorting Aya, it was a sensation and a discussion about freedom of belief, writing and publication, but unfortunately after her release the file was closed”.

The human rights defender regrets not being able to “organize a social debate on freedom of belief, and talk about a group of groups in Morocco, especially followers of the Shiite sect or Moroccan Christians, who are not talked about despite their suffering, especially with regard to the practice of their religious rites”, and added: “This is our responsibility”. Likewise, open the debate on the rights of these religious minorities in Morocco, knowing that developments such as the results of mixed marriages have not yet been absorbed, in light of the emergence of new generations of Moroccans whose situation must be understood by a social debate .

Adel Chikito, president of the Moroccan League for the Defense of Human Rights, affirmed that the judicial sentence, from a legal point of view, is based on legal foundations contained in criminal law, then added: “But legally, we consider that the Reliance on the provisions of the criminal law in cases related to freedom of expression is one of the behaviors that have recently been printed in rulings, especially those related to opinion.

And the same statement continues: “We have demanded based on the Press and Publications Law, in such cases, knowing that article 27 has specified among the public means ‘cry’, which shows that it applies to all Moroccans, knowing that one of the principles of a fair trial is that if there is a Judge of two texts, the law that is lighter and more adequate for the observer is resorted to.”

In this case, Chiquito believes that “regardless of women’s exercise of their right to freedom of expression, freedom of opinion and expression is linked to responsibility, and Moroccans consider that insulting religion is a provocation towards them.” and an insult to his holiness, and it is necessary to pay attention to this”, adding: “Even who wanted to open a discussion should take this into account given. The Moroccans are open to dialogue, but the formula can provoke and must be taken into account”.

The same human rights lawyer recorded the existence of “many experiences in American and European countries that believe that freedom of expression has limits, for which they adopted laws that criminalize, for example, in France, anti-Semitism by conviction and trial” . And he added: “All countries have limits on freedom.”

However, the same spokesman added: “But we hoped to avoid a trial in such a case. Since the follow-up has been carried out, we hope to resort to the Press and Publications Law, knowing that last year the sentence was reduced at the appeal stage in a similar file related to the distortion of a Koranic verse, and this court ruling on the appeal was supposed to be considered a model.

According to the data contained in the case report, the Directorate of National Security began an investigation into what was written on the blog, and its identity was identified, it was heard, the purpose and reasons for its publication were investigated, and with this it was inquired whether such “blogs” had been published previously.

After confronting her with what was attributed to her and subjecting her to a preliminary examination, the report indicates that the interested party “confessed that the two social network accounts were hers, and used her telephone number; She also admitted that she was posting on her aforementioned account a group of ‘blogs’ offensive to the Islamic religion, attributing it to the exercise of her constitutional right to freedom of expression.