A report announces a decrease in deaths from clandestine immigration to Spain. My rights: relative data

The tragedies of irregular migration and the suffering of immigrant dreamers on the northern shore of the Mediterranean do not seem to stand in the way of resolution and emancipation. With statistics issued by a Spanish non-governmental organization, it was reported that about a thousand people named among them had died in just six months, that is, during the first half of this year, trying to reach Spain through different migratory routes to across the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, compared to some 2,100 people who died or disappeared, in the first half of 2021, on ships or vessels bound for Spain.

Of the 978 cases that died on the paths of “illegal immigration” by land and sea, 118 women and 41 children died trying to reach the Spanish coast; Most went by sea to the “Canaries” with 800 deaths, while the migratory route from Algeria accounted for 101 deaths, with the loss of 18 migratory boats, including them.

The report entitled “The right to life” dedicated an important space to talk about what happened on June 24, known as “Black Friday”, after a fierce stampede and incursions at the “Chinese Quarter” border crossing between Nador and the occupied Melilla, explaining that “40 people lost their lives during these tragic events”, compared to the 23 regular migrants who died, as announced at the time by the Moroccan authorities.

These figures coincide with data from the Spanish Ministry of the Interior, which announces a slight increase in the total number of immigrants arriving in Spain by land and sea, 3.3 percent compared to 2021.

The analysis of the same official statistics also showed that the number of boats arriving at the Spanish coasts has decreased significantly, according to the report of the Ministry of the Interior in the northern neighbor of the Kingdom, whose details have been published by the newspaper “Publico”, indicated that 757 vessels tried to cross through the end of last month, down from 968 in the last month of the previous year, a decrease of more than 21 percent.

These statistics, which stripped the different transit flows from four regions of Moroccan or Algerian territory to Spanish territory, between the months of January and June, appeared in the report of the Spanish organization “Caminando Frontera”, which deals with immigrants. irregular; In the first half of this year, “an increase in the militarization of border immigration control with the systematic use of actions that violate the rights of migrants” was registered, according to him.

The publication of this report is part of the work of the “Observatory of Western Euro-African Borders”, created by the group “Camining Borders” in 2015. Its mission is to enumerate the victims of migration on the maritime routes of the Western Mediterranean. (Strait of Gibraltar, Alborán, Algeria) and the Atlantic Ocean (Canary Islands), as well as the land routes in the occupied barriers of Ceuta and Melilla.

It was notable what the report stated in its introduction that “this situation has been supported since the war in Ukraine by a strong position on the European continent and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), relying on rearmament and influencing the border politics. department of control”, pointing out that the letter from the politician from the Spanish State presented “people in an immigration situation from the south as a threat”, opening the way to the discussion on “the possibility of a real intervention of security against them ”.

The same source monitored the change from “the discourse on the monitoring and control of migratory flows” towards the idea that “death on the migratory route has become the norm”, and pointed out that “accepting this situation opens the way for an increase in the number of victims”. and allows the implementation of increasingly deadly repressions against “immigrant” communities.

“relative” data

Commenting on the data contained in the report by the Spanish NGO, Mohamed Benaissa, head of the North Center for Human Rights, said that “the most important thing that can be recorded in the report is that the data contained in it is still relative.” explaining that “it is difficult to control the phenomenon of migration as a phenomenon”. cross-border complex.

Benaissa continues, in statements to the electronic newspaper Hespress, that “the phenomenon has experienced a decline during the first six months of this year as a result of multiple factors”, citing in this context, “the recovery of the Moroccan economy, and the cordon of security that the Moroccan authorities raise on their southern and eastern borders, as well as the intensification of their security patrols by land and sea; This was reflected, according to the spokesman, in the number of missing in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean.

The same Moroccan human rights lawyer concluded by linking “the increase in anti-immigrant behavior towards Europe” in recent years, through what emerges from the growing popularity of the “extremist right” in Europe, with what he described as “the economic setback that the old continent knows after Corona and the loss of millions of job opportunities, which came from the Ukraine crisis.” to go even deeper.

It should be noted that the latest official Spanish figures confirm a decrease in the number of immigrants arriving on the peninsula and the Balearic Islands by sea by 27.5% in the first seven months of the year compared to 2021 (from 5,284 people to 7,292 people); While the vessels decreased by 21.9 percent.

Likewise, 27.3 percent of immigrants arrived irregularly by sea to the Canary Islands, with a figure of 9,589 people, compared to 7,531 a year ago, with the majority of immigrants leaving the Sahara region, Mauritania or Senegal. .