Youth unemployment is rising in Arab countries

The International Labor Organization (ILO) revealed that Arab countries have the highest and fastest youth unemployment rate in the world.

In a recent report on “Global Youth Employment Trends 2022… Investing in Transforming the Future of Youth,” the organization expected the youth unemployment rate in countries in the region to reach 24.8 percent in 2022.

The report noted that the situation is worse for young women in the Arab region, where the unemployment rate among them is 42.5 percent this year; It is almost three times higher than the global average for female youth unemployment (14.5 per cent).

The paper adds that Africa’s youth unemployment rate of 12.7 per cent hides the fact that many young people have chosen to withdraw from the labor market altogether, explaining that more than one in five young people in Africa in 2020 were not in the circle of work or education. or training.

The report concluded that the pandemic has exacerbated the many labor market challenges faced by 15-24 year olds around the world, who have experienced far greater job losses than adults, since the beginning of 2020.

According to the same source, the total number of unemployed youth in the world is expected to reach 73 million in 2022, a slight improvement over 2021 (75 million); But it is still some six million above the pre-2019 pandemic level.

The ILO report noted that only high-income countries are expected to reach youth unemployment rates close to 2019 rates, by the end of this year; While unemployment rates in other countries are expected to remain higher than pre-crisis rates by more than one percentage point.

The same report indicated that young women and men are well positioned to benefit from the expansion of the green and blue economies (ocean resources and their sustainable use), as an additional 8.4 million jobs could be created for youth by 2030 through the implementation of green and blue economies. blue political measures. Targeted investments in digital technologies can also absorb large numbers of young employees.

The document estimates that, by 2030, achieving universal coverage in broadband networks could generate a net increase in employment of 24 million new jobs worldwide, of which 6.4 million will be occupied by young people. .

Martha Newton, ILO Deputy Director-General for Political Affairs, said the Covid-19 crisis revealed a number of shortcomings in how the needs of young people were being met, especially the most vulnerable groups, such as those seeking first-time job, school dropouts, and recent graduates with little experience. .

He stressed that “what young people need most are efficient labor markets with decent job opportunities for those who are already participating in the labor market, as well as quality education and training opportunities for those who have not yet entered.”