The decrease in the cereal harvest in Morocco questions the “independence” and the unexploited fields

With the alliance of benefits and difficult international contexts, Morocco is going through a difficult agricultural campaign at the level of cereals, which is renewed in discussion after it fell 67 percent compared to the previous agricultural campaign, which registered a yield of about 103 million quintals. .

The current exceptional situation opens many readings to search for alternative working methods. The most prominent of them is direct cultivation, through which Morocco is committed to increasing cereal production by 20 percent, a commitment supported by both the Ministry of Agriculture and the OCP.

However, this matter collides with the narrowness of the cultivated areas, since they did not exceed about 3.6 million hectares in the current agricultural campaign, compared to 4.35 million hectares in the previous campaign. The production is also unbalanced, since 58 percent of the available stock is produced by only two sides (Rabat-Salé-Kenitra-Fez-Meknes).

In addition, Muhammad Seddiqi, Minister of Agriculture, recognized the impossibility of achieving self-sufficiency in grains, due to the space given to time that opens the door for farmers to choose to plant what they see fit; But most of them are moving towards products that generate more financial income than cereals.

Driss El-Fina, an economist and director of the Independent Center for Strategic Analysis, said that several royal speeches had spoken about the need to achieve independence and sovereignty on the grain issue, criticizing the continuing reliance on unsecured markets and the impact of the issue on the balance of performance and prices, and its generation of social tension.

Al-Fina added, in a statement to Hespress, that there is a need to focus on grains, noting that Egypt, for example, has invested in the ongoing crisis in Russia and Ukraine to offset shortages. He added: “In Morocco, we have not heard of any progress in this regard.”

The same speaker emphasized that Morocco also has land and technology to solve the problem, considering that much of the land is in disuse; For example, 50 percent of usable land in the Beni Mellal-Khenifra region is not being exploited.

Al-Fina stated that what is really lacking is the will and explained that 30,000 square kilometers of land in the Tata region are not exploited and can be linked to desalinate seawater and invest it for the cultivation of cereals.