A book close to “Oriental Moroccan Relations”

A contribution to “deepen the historical knowledge of the structure of the French protection system, and the trends, devices and associated problems”, and the study of “the interaction between Morocco and the Levant in the first half of the 20th century”, presented in a new book by researcher Mustafa Al Rayes, which examines a part of French occupation policy known as Con “barbarian policies.”

This book was published by Bab Al-Hikma publications entitled “French Berber Policy in Morocco through Al-Fateh Magazine (1926-1948).” It was introduced by the historian Mohamed Marouf Al-Dafali, and the writer of it gifted it to “the spirit of the ascetic fighter, the symbol of loyalty to the fatherland, Professor Abdel Rahman Al-Youssoufi”.

The researcher, Al-Mustafa Al Rayes, has books and research interested in the contemporary history of Morocco, through what is published in Moroccan and Oriental newspapers and magazines.

After what the researcher Al-Mustafa Al-Rayes observed about the “weak presence” of the theme of “French barbarian politics” in the history of “French protection”, he sought, through this author, to “address the theme of French barbarism. policy based on the abundance of journalistic materials, including news, criticism and guidelines, which abounded in the magazine Al-Fath, published in Cairo between 1926 and 1948.

The researcher specializing in contemporary history of Morocco affirms that the issue of “French barbarian politics” “represented within the colonial strategy a true entry point to sow the role of discord in the ranks of Moroccan society, in application of the saying ‘divide and rule’, since it was the most effective means of consolidating the foundations of the colonial presence, and reinforcing French control over Morocco.

Among what is included in this study is a follow-up, through the magazine Al-Fath, of the role played by Marshal Lyautey, the French Resident General, in the elaboration of the general lines of the studied policy, and his reading of its possible effects in Morocco. and the magazine keeps abreast of “the circumstances of the barbaric endorsement, its repercussions, and Popular, Makhzani, and French reactions.”

The study also tracks “the attitudes of condemnation and denunciation expressed by Arab and Islamic public opinion for the heinous acts committed by French colonialism,” and the sympathy of “the French socialist left (…) with the Moroccan cause.” on its pages.

Introducing the book, historian Mohamed Marouf Al-Dafali noted that “among the archives useful for writing the history of the protection period in Morocco, and the movement of national struggle against colonialism, in particular, that Moroccan researchers still treat under the tyranny of modesty, are the archives of various countries of the Arab Mashreq, since these archives are full of auxiliary source material to provide details and details about a series of courses and a series of stations and turns, as well as helping them to monitor a number of situations and clarifications.”

“Despite some of the comments made by the author (Al-Rayyes) regarding Al-Fath magazine, mainly the selection of the news and the one-sidedness of the treatment,” the writer, according to Al-Dafali, “emphasized ( …) the special status of this magazine in supporting Moroccans during their ordeal with colonialism in the early 1930s, and the sympathy and jealousy they showed, had an impact on the course of the development of national action at the internal level, and played a role in the echo that ran through the Arab Mashreq and the Islamic world in solidarity with the Moroccan cause.