The tourism sector in Morocco is one of the main engines of economic development and the fight against poverty, since it is among the priority sectors of the national economy in general, and of the Marrakech region in particular, thanks to its contribution to the gross income of the national product, but it is still underutilized, such as the lack of appreciation of the local experience of the actors in the field of social and solidarity economy. In order to take better advantage of the wealth that abounds in the rural area, Hespress seeks to highlight the ecotourism of the Taghdwin commune as a rural model in the province of Al Haouz.
And since the development of rural tourism is conditioned by a series of conditions, what are the possibilities that abound in this community that is located in the middle of a mountain? How can ecotourism and the natural resources that abound in this rural community be promoted? In what sense can we talk about the great and diverse possibilities of this group? To what extent does the community have the infrastructure to help access towns and landscapes?
Rural tourism is a requirement
Abdel Majid Murad, tour guide, explained that “the qualities that characterize the Al Haouz region in general, and the rural community in particular, are diverse, some of them natural and archaeological, and are conditions that stimulate the establishment of eco – tourism in the region; But until now it is difficult to talk about this, at a time when this topic is present in the discussions of travel agencies and tour guides, in a secondary way, and as a role to promote their product, which reflects negatively the situation of the living population. in the scattered douars in the High Atlas Mountains, and it does not help them overcome fragility and extreme poverty.”
In an interview with Hespress, the same tour guide said: “For the success of ecotourism, the conditions must be taken by the client, who must have a certain level of conscience and morals, due to the existence of a letter of honor that stipulates for not damage the natural environment of the region, such as the ‘Yakor’ space, which includes prehistoric inscriptions, and added: “Wetlands are not taken care of, which generates a change in the ecosystem with the extinction of species. of plants (plant endemic).”
The same spokesman continued: “Visitors to these areas that include natural manifestations, which are capital for rural tourism, must fight against pollution, avoid wasting water and respect their human being by respecting their traditions,” and added: “This It is the tourism that we want in this tourist space, in addition to creating museums, it is characterized by its cultural heritage, the creation of tourist attractions and the valorization of local products”.
Abdel Karim Wasik, president of the Asafo Development Association, explained during a meeting organized in the Taghdoun community to prepare the group’s work program that “sustainable development has several entrances, including ecotourism or rural tourism; Therefore, tourist orbits must be established within this community to value the ecological wealth of Togodain”, adding: “That is why we have developed a program in coordination with the local authority, which will take around 4 months to complete. prepare and maintain the tourist orbit in Ain Sidi Wafi and Talatast”.
In a conversation with Hespress, the same speaker highlighted that ecotourism or ecotourism “is tourism that depends on traveling between natural sites rich in biodiversity, from plants, animals, seas, rivers and other natural resources, with a sense of responsibility in the preservation the environment and not harm or touch it, for the purpose of enjoyment, discovery and adventure, so that it contributes to the increase of local and national income”.
“Because the tourist economy imposes the diversification of the product offered to the client, the rural community can contribute to this challenge, which has great qualifications for the success of ecotourism development according to a strategy that doubles income and preserves biodiversity and the environment. ; This goal needs to work collectively and cooperate with the rest of the stakeholders, to encourage investment in a young area”, according to Abdel Majid Murad.
You will become the gift of Wadi Al-Zat
Mustafa Al-Qadi, for his part, said, in a communication meeting with this group, that the latter “has many qualifications, including the ‘Yakour’ region, which is characterized by prehistoric inscriptions, and natural spaces, because Togdouin is located between the High Atlas mountain range; But the problem of wastewater treatment continues to be a black point that borders on ecotourism”.
Several interventions unanimously agreed that achieving effective and comprehensive development requires attention in several areas, such as balneological tourism in Ain Sidi Wafi, encouraging investment and organizing exhibitions, structuring the community center, caring for Amazigh architecture, combating the invasion of cement, organize exhibitions for the traditional industry and support for the solidarity economy Promoting the formation of cooperatives.
“All the picturesque areas of our community are easily accessible,” says Ahmed Abraji, head of the Taghdwin community, adding: “The collective council is working to support the infrastructure by setting up several dams, as part of a partnership between him and the Employment Council and the Fund to Combat Territorial Disparities, including the longest bombardment of the Al Haouz region, in the Zat valley, was carried out in cooperation with the Fund to Combat Territorial Disparities (450,000 dirhams), where the community contributed as the owner of the project with an estimated financial endowment of 850,000.0 dirhams.
“After we linked the group to ‘Emin Nark’, National Route No. 09, with the expansion and strengthening of the road, we are currently working on the preparation of its center. And we repaired the Sidi Wafi spring, which has mineral water”, continues the same official, pointing out that “several dams have been opened, the first at the Ekis roundabout in the Sheikhdom of Al-Zat, and the second in the area of “Mrioat”. from the Sheikhdom of Taghdwin, with a bridge in Tasourt, and another Poivert in the Sheikhdom of Ait Inzal Louda; As well as the small art installations on the reefs.”
Regarding wastewater treatment, the first vice president of this picturesque village group, Mustafa Kharraz, explained that “the group is ready to finish the treatment plant, but the dilemma is not finding a property to establish this project, which motivated the collective council to resort to a temporary solution, represented in A hole doing its job, waiting to find a place to build the station.”
Respect for the environment is a prerequisite for tourism
For his part, Marwan Chouyoukh, president of the Al Haouz Regional Tourism Council, stressed that the progress of the tourism sector in the region “is based on the optimal and adequate use of its qualifications, its geographical area and the human factor, through of a participatory approach that ensures coordination between all stakeholders, from local authorities, elected councils and civil society, and establishes an Al-Ain monument achieves a tourist takeoff at the level of all territorial communities in the region”.
Chouyoukh, who is the head of the Tourism Committee of the Chamber of Industry, Commerce and Services of the Marrakech-Safi region, continued: “The cultural heritage of the region must be taken care of, its qualifications must be defined, and more work must be done to locate its inclusion in the national tourist map in order to contribute to local development; For this reason, the Regional Tourism Council is working to crystallize the vision of the future of tourism in the region, developing an integrated action plan, according to a participatory format, to highlight its qualities, and preparing an interactive tourist map around the areas rural areas that are characterized by an ecological and sustainable diversity that fascinates the visitor.